A Simple Smartform Tutorial 

SAP Smartforms can be used for creating and maintaining forms for mass printing in SAP Systems. The output medium for Smartforms support printer, fax, e-mail, or the Internet (by using the generated XML output). 

According to SAP, you need neither have any programming knowledge nor use a Script language to adapt standard forms. However, basic ABAP programming skills are required only in special cases (for example, to call a function module you created or for complex and extensive conditions). 

1. Create a new smartforms

    Transaction code SMARTFORMS
    Create new smartforms call ZSMART
2. Define looping process for internal table 
          Pages and windows
  • First Page -> Header Window (Cursor at First Page then click Edit -> Node -> Create)

  • Here, you can specify your title and page numbering
    &SFSY-PAGE& (Page 1) of &SFSY-FORMPAGES(Z4.0)& (Total Page) 
  • Main windows -> TABLE -> DATA 
  • In the Loop section, tick Internal table and fill in 
  • ITAB1 (table in ABAP SMARTFORM calling function) INTO ITAB2
3. Define table in smartforms
           Global settings :
           Form interface
           Variable name    Type assignment   Reference type
           ITAB1               TYPE                  Table Structure

           Global definitions
           Variable name    Type assignment   Reference type
           ITAB2               TYPE                  Table Structure 

4. To display the data in the form 
    Make used of the Table Painter and declare the Line Type in Tabstrips Table
     e.g.  HD_GEN for printing header details,
             IT_GEN  for printing data details. 
     You have to specify the Line Type in your Text elements in the Tabstrips Output options.
      Tick the New Line and specify the Line Type for outputting the data.
      Declare your output fields in Text elements 
      Tabstrips - Output Options
      For different fonts use this Style : IDWTCERTSTYLE
      For Quantity or Amout you can used this variable &GS_ITAB-AMOUNT(12.2)&

5. Calling SMARTFORMS from your ABAP program 

REPORT ZSMARTFORM. 

* Calling SMARTFORMS from your ABAP program.
* Collecting all the table data in your program, and pass once to SMARTFORMS
* SMARTFORMS
* Declare your table type in :-
* Global Settings -> Form Interface
* Global Definintions -> Global Data
* Main Window -> Table -> DATA
*
* Written by :  SAP Hints and Tips on Configuration and ABAP/4 Programming
*                     http://sapr3.tripod.com

TABLES: MKPF. 

DATA: FM_NAME TYPE RS38L_FNAM. 

DATA: BEGIN OF INT_MKPF OCCURS 0.
        INCLUDE STRUCTURE MKPF.
DATA: END OF INT_MKPF. 

SELECT-OPTIONS S_MBLNR FOR MKPF-MBLNR MEMORY ID 001. 

SELECT * FROM MKPF WHERE MBLNR IN S_MBLNR.
   MOVE-CORRESPONDING MKPF TO INT_MKPF.
   APPEND INT_MKPF. 

ENDSELECT. 

* At the end of your program.
* Passing data to SMARTFORMS 

call function 'SSF_FUNCTION_MODULE_NAME'
  exporting
    formname                 = 'ZSMARTFORM'
*   VARIANT                  = ' '
*   DIRECT_CALL              = ' '
  IMPORTING
    FM_NAME                  = FM_NAME
  EXCEPTIONS
    NO_FORM                  = 1
    NO_FUNCTION_MODULE       = 2
    OTHERS                   = 3. 

if sy-subrc <> 0.
   WRITE: / 'ERROR 1'.
* MESSAGE ID SY-MSGID TYPE SY-MSGTY NUMBER SY-MSGNO
*         WITH SY-MSGV1 SY-MSGV2 SY-MSGV3 SY-MSGV4.
endif. 

call function FM_NAME
* EXPORTING
*   ARCHIVE_INDEX              =
*   ARCHIVE_INDEX_TAB          =
*   ARCHIVE_PARAMETERS         =
*   CONTROL_PARAMETERS         =
*   MAIL_APPL_OBJ              =
*   MAIL_RECIPIENT             =
*   MAIL_SENDER                =
*   OUTPUT_OPTIONS             =
*   USER_SETTINGS              = 'X'
* IMPORTING
*   DOCUMENT_OUTPUT_INFO       =
*   JOB_OUTPUT_INFO            =
*   JOB_OUTPUT_OPTIONS         =
  TABLES
    GS_MKPF                    = INT_MKPF
  EXCEPTIONS
    FORMATTING_ERROR           = 1
    INTERNAL_ERROR             = 2
    SEND_ERROR                 = 3
    USER_CANCELED              = 4
    OTHERS                     = 5. 

if sy-subrc <> 0.
   MESSAGE ID SY-MSGID TYPE SY-MSGTY NUMBER SY-MSGNO
         WITH SY-MSGV1 SY-MSGV2 SY-MSGV3 SY-MSGV4.
endif.
 

Additional Fonts for your SMARTFORMS 

You can create additional fonts and style with transaction SMARTSTYLES

This can then be define in the paragraph and character formats, which you can then be assign to texts and fields in the Smart Form. 

The character formats includes effects such as superscript, subscript, barcode and font attributes.

Contributed by : SAP ABAP/4 Programming, Basis Administration, Configuration Hints and Tips

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